Knee injuries and pain
Everyday, we put our knees through a lot of stress. Overuse of knee muscles and impact injuries may lead to tenderness, swelling, pain and other problems. Knee pains can have a huge affect on our mobility and function, therefore it is important to seek professional help. However, it is common for other areas, such as the foot or hips, to affect the mobility and function of the knee too. Here at the Bedford Chiropractic Clinic we are here to identify the cause of your pain/injury and treat various knee issues, alongside other joint problems. So give us a call at 01234 353937 to book a consultation or to seek more info/advice.
Symptoms and causes
Sprains and Strains
Knee sprains are injuries to the ligaments that hold the knee together due to hyperflexion or hyperextension of the knee. Multiple ligaments stabilize the knee and keep it in alignment (The ACL and PCL). Overstretching, overusing or twisting, often during exercise can cause knee pains. A sudden change in direction during a sport such as rugby, football or tennis can lead to knee sprains and/or strains. It is particularly common for twisting, a bending force applied to the knee, a direct blow such as from sports or a fall to cause this.
Patellar tendonitis/runner’s knee
The symptoms of runner’s knee include knee grinding, swelling or pain when bending and stretching the leg. This is particularly common in runners and activities involving jumping. Additionally, overexertion of the joint, direct impact and weak muscles also cause knee pain, which may be experienced between your kneecap and shin. It is important to ensure complete recovery to prevent re-injury.
Torn ligament, tendon or meniscus and cartilage damage
Symptoms may include stability issue, whereby the knee gives way whilst trying to stand. A popping sound may be present during an injury or whilst trying to straighten the knee joint.
Dislocated or fractured kneecap
The kneecap changes shape after a collision or sudden change in direction during a high impact sport e.g. rugby, football, motorcycle accident and so forth.
Osteoarthritis, bursitis, bleeding in the joint, gout or septic arthritis are other possible causes of knee pain. Furthermore, pain, stiffness, swelling, bruising, redness and a warm sensation may all be symptoms of a knee injury.
High-impact sports such as running, basketball, rugby, football, cycling etc. can increase the risk or knee pain and injury. Particularly amongst the elderly, knee injuries are common due to falls and osteoporosis. Another risk factor is obesity, as excess weight puts more stress on the knee joint. Also, overuse and overtraining, improper/insufficient training for a sport and improper rehabilitation of acute injuries can cause knee injuries.
Knee injuries, pain and chiropractic
Medication such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), naproxen and ibuprofen may have been prescribed. Although it helps with inflammation, these drugs only mask the pain. However, chiropractic aims to identify and treat the cause of your knee pain and injury. Pain or restricted movement in the knee may even be due to a dysfunction in surrounding joints or muscles.
Here at the Bedford Chiropractic Clinic, we provide recommended exercises and stretches to aid your rehabilitation period, alongside using RICE therapy, consisting of a ‘Rest. Ice. Compression. Elevation’ sequence. Typically, physical manipulations are applied to increase function, mobility, relieve pain and promote alignment. At the Bedford Chiropractic Clinic we also have multiple sports therapists that we can refer you to. We also supply various orthotics to assist with correct posture and balance. Give us a call at 01234 353937 to book a consultation or for more info/advice.
How to avoid knee injuries and pain
- Maintain fitness and lower-body strength
- Maintain a balanced diet and weight
- Make use of knee braces, pads and insoles where necessary
- Always train, warm-up and stretch before sports
- Avoid slippery and uneven surfaces such as gravel
- Receive regular chiropractic adjustments
- Follow rehabilitation exercises for the time period set
- Ice your knee if it feels sore at any point